The 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation an

2022-08-02
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The 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and environmental protection industry will drive trillion yuan of investment chart: the 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and environmental protection industry development was released

recently, the State Council issued the 12th Five Year Plan for the development of energy conservation and environmental protection industries. What is the background of the plan? What role will it play in China's participation in international competition, saving energy and resources, protecting the environment and stimulating economic development? On April 4, he interviewed the heads of relevant departments of the national development and Reform Commission

participate in international competition and promote green development

the official said that in order to cope with the international financial crisis, effectively stimulate domestic demand and cultivate new economic growth points, in the second half of 2009, the development and Reform Commission, together with the Ministry of environmental protection and other relevant departments, began to study the development ideas, key areas and policy measures of China's energy conservation and environmental protection industry. Accelerating the development of energy conservation and environmental protection industry is of great significance both at present and in the long run:

from an international perspective, in coping with the challenges of the international financial crisis and global climate change, the world's major economies have taken the implementation of a green new deal and the development of a green economy as an important part of stimulating economic growth and economic transformation. The focus of developing a green economy is to promote the development of green industries, The main force of green industry is energy conservation and environmental protection industry and new energy industry. Therefore, green industries and products will compete fiercely in the future international economy, technology and trade. In order to occupy a favorable position in the new round of economic growth, China must constantly improve the competitiveness of energy conservation and environmental protection industries

domestically, during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China is in the stage of accelerated industrialization and urbanization, and the problems of energy resource shortage and fragile ecological environment will be further aggravated. In order to achieve the binding indicators set in the outline of the 12th Five Year Plan, such as the reduction of energy consumption per unit of GDP and the reduction of total emissions of major pollutants, it is necessary to continuously improve China's energy-saving and environmental protection technology, equipment and services, so as to contribute to large-scale energy conservation and emission reduction Vigorously developing circular economy to provide solid industrial support is an inevitable choice for China to change its development mode and adjust its economic structure

from the perspective of potential, China's energy conservation and environmental protection industry has great potential and broad prospects for stimulating economic growth. It is estimated that by 2015, China's technically feasible and economically reasonable energy-saving potential will exceed 400million tons of standard coal, which can drive trillions of yuan of investment; The total output value of energy-saving service industry can exceed 300billion yuan; Huge market space for industrial waste recycling; The investment in the construction of urban sewage and garbage, desulfurization and denitrification facilities can exceed 800billion yuan, and the total output value of environmental services will reach 500billion yuan

strive to achieve a total output value of 4.5 trillion yuan in three years

the person in charge said that the energy conservation and environmental protection industry refers to an industry that provides material basis and technical support for saving energy and resources, developing circular economy and protecting the ecological environment. It is one of the seven strategic emerging industries that the country has accelerated the cultivation and development

different from ordinary competitive industries, the energy conservation and environmental protection industry is a typical policy and regulation driven industry. It should not only highlight the market orientation and give full play to the basic role of the market in allocating resources, but also strengthen the government guidance to drive the potential demand into the real market

the main development goals proposed in the plan are: rapid growth of industrial scale, substantial improvement of technical equipment, gradual expansion of market share of energy-saving and environmental protection products, and rapid development of energy-saving and environmental protection services. By 2015, the total output value of the energy conservation and environmental protection industry will reach 4.5 trillion yuan, the added value will account for about 2% of the GDP, and the output value of the energy conservation and environmental protection industry will increase by more than 15% annually, so as to cultivate a number of large energy conservation and environmental protection enterprise groups with international competitiveness

define the development priorities of the 12th Five Year Plan

the person in charge said: the plan defines the key areas of the development of energy-saving industry, resource recycling industry and environmental protection industry during the 12th Five Year Plan period

energy saving technologies and equipment focus on high-efficiency boilers and kilns, motors and driving equipment, waste heat and residual pressure utilization equipment, and energy-saving instruments and equipment; Energy saving products focus on high-efficiency and energy-saving household appliances and office equipment, high-efficiency lighting products, energy-saving cars, and new energy-saving building materials; The focus of energy-saving services is to implement energy contract management

the industry of resource recycling focuses on comprehensive utilization of mineral resources, comprehensive utilization of solid waste, remanufacture, renewable resource utilization, resource utilization of kitchen waste, resource utilization of agricultural and forestry waste, and water resource conservation and utilization

environmental protection technology and equipment focus on advanced sewage treatment, garbage treatment, air pollution control, hazardous waste and soil pollution control, and monitoring equipment; Environmental protection products focus on environmental protection materials and chemicals; Environmental protection services focus on the marketization and socialization of the construction and operation of pollution control facilities, and improve the service system of financing, consultation and evaluation through cooperation with Sigri

in addition, the plan also puts forward key technologies in key areas during the 12th Five Year Plan period in the form of columns

around the work direction determined in key areas, the plan puts forward eight major projects, including major energy-saving technology and equipment industrialization project, semiconductor lighting industrialization and application project, urban mineral demonstration project, remanufacture industrialization project, industrial waste resource utilization project, major environmental protection technology and equipment and product industrialization demonstration project, seawater desalination Industrial base construction project, energy conservation and environmental protection service industry cultivation project, Rely on key projects to form the most direct and effective energy-saving and environmental protection industry that is not greater than 0.5% of the load indication; Demand drives the rapid development of energy conservation and environmental protection industry

develop energy-saving and environmental protection industry with multiple strategies

the person in charge said that the plan put forward seven policy measures, including improving the price and collecting the land policy, which can ensure a good level of operating fees for the experimental machine, increasing financial and tax policy support, and broadening investment and financing channels

he said, for example, the state will study and formulate price policies to encourage waste heat and residual pressure power generation, implement punitive electricity prices for those whose energy consumption exceeds the quota standards, study and formulate denitration electricity price policies for coal-fired power plants, improve the sewage and garbage charging system, and give priority to protecting the land for environmental protection facilities

relevant departments will arrange special funds from the central government for energy conservation and emission reduction and circular economy to support key projects for energy conservation and emission reduction and the development of energy conservation and environmental protection industries, improve preferential tax policies for energy conservation, water conservation, environmental protection and comprehensive utilization, and select mature tax items to levy environmental protection tax

in addition, relevant departments will broaden investment and financing channels, explore charging right pledge loans, support energy-saving and environmental protection enterprises to issue bonds, short-term financing bonds, support energy-saving and environmental protection enterprises to go public for financing, and set up industrial investment funds

the relevant national departments will improve the import and export policies, encourage the export of energy-saving and environmental protection equipment products by improving the export seller's credit and buyer's credit policies, give priority to energy-saving and environmental protection projects such as environmental infrastructure construction in foreign assistance, establish an imported renewable resources processing zone, and exempt the import tariff and import value-added tax on the research of key parts and raw materials that are really necessary to be imported for the manufacture of large-scale energy-saving and environmental protection equipment

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